College guide: What Are the Parts of an Essay?

What does body of an essay contain?

This type of test describes a particular situation. It is done with the purpose of showing the scope or subject that will be studied, but facilitates the readers’ understanding through the description of it.

The descriptive essay can make use of literary images to describe the reality, taste, smell, texture, landscape, music or sounds. Everything that can be described is likely to be expressed in the essay.

But in addition to a description of the literary type with metaphorical pretensions and poetic constructs, we must be aware that the essay seeks to show our vision of a subject and that the description should be objective and not so literary.

The ideal is to describe the problem situation or the subject of the study seriously so that we get the readers respect. The beautiful and poetic of the description is easily unmanageable and can play against if we do not have a clear objective.

Introduction: describes the topic to be studied and the context in which it is located. If it is a social reality, it must be described as it is, it is not worth saying, for example: “It is an environment filled with people with a great charisma and humility that does not deserve the situation it goes through”; when we seek to describe a poverty environment.

It is necessary to be objective and to the point, for example: “It is a disadvantaged population, immersed in misery, lacking the most indispensable services, and deserving direct and urgent attention”.

As can be seen, both texts describe a reality, but in the form of the essay, the poetic can be devoted to directly addressing the situation that concerns us.

Development: We continue with the description of the situation, but already at a deeper level with the various factors that participate and directly affect it. This section also describes which other authors have reported on the situation and whether they have provided any solution.

In the same way, we describe our actions and the way we have studied.

Conclusion: The closure should describe how our actions were and how we learned, according to experience, an objective conclusion of the case.

The elements of an essay

The peculiarity of the enlightening essay is that it does not seek to persuade the reader to the subject it deals with, but rather to present the information on the subject, all the information collected, whether or not the author agrees with it.

Introduction: In the initial phase of this essay, the subject to be addressed, its definition or theoretical perception and the way it has been treated by some authors must be presented.

Development: The information collected on the subject is presented in an organized manner. Its origins, importance and the influence it has had on different sectors of the population. Likewise, the existing ideas are exposed to it either for or against it.

It is necessary that the informative essay always presents an objective approach without personal ideas, as what one is seeking is to provide a thorough knowledge of the reality of a situation or topic.

Conclusion: The summarized aspects of the essay, those that allow the reader to get a global idea and make their own conclusion, are summarized here.


The statement essay has the same characteristics as the argumentative essay, with the difference that in this essay personal meaning is given more importance than other authors.

Introduction: Part from the beginning with the individual’s personal perception, contains questions or direct statements about it.

Development: The division of the topic is carried out on an ongoing basis, the author explains why he thinks this way and what he thinks the impact the situation was studying causes in the environment.

This type of essay is usually short, why they sometimes make good opinion articles and are usually presented in the daily press or in opinion portals.

Conclusion: The author closes with his idea and his direct contribution to the subject without conveying more reasons than those made in his own arguments.